FAQ – Questions about braces and orthodontics | Jonke.at

Prof. DDr. med. Erwin Jonke

medical specialist in orthodontics

+43 1 52 44 868-0+43 1 52 44 868-0

Mo - Th 8-19 / Fr. 8-17


What is orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a special area of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of tooth and jaw misalignment.

What is the difference between an orthodontist and a dentist? 
Orthodontists are highly specialised medical practitioners. In addition to their basic dental training, they have usually completed a special 3-year training in orthodontics at a university clinic.

Why should I get my teeth corrected? 
Misalignments of jaw and teeth are not just a cosmetic problem, but can also often lead to functional impairments like difficulties in chewing and speech defects. Crooked teeth are often difficult to clean, with the result that remains of food can accumulate and cause plaque, dental decay and gum disease.

What are the positive effects of an orthodontic treatment? 
Among other things, an orthodontic treatment can achieve the following positive effects: 

  • An all-round attractive smile
  • Greater confidence and a self-assured appearance
  • Easier dental hygiene
  • Less tooth abrasion
  • A more attractive profile
  • Lastingly healthier teeth and gums
  • A better functioning of the masticatory apparatus
  • Improved lip closure
  • Easier speech and swallowing
  • Relief of the jaw musculature and joints
  • Improved results for other dental-related treatment

What are the signs that an orthodontic treatment is necessary?

  • The upper front teeth protrude significantly over the lower ones ("distal bite" or "overbite")
  • The upper front teeth lie behind the lower ones ("reverse overbite", also known as "crossbite")
  • The upper and lower row of teeth don't come together when biting (open bite)
  • Crooked or overlapping teeth (overcrowding)
  • Gaps between the teeth
  • The middle line of the upper and lower row of teeth does not fit together

When should my children be examined for the first time? 
International professional associations recommend children to be registered for a first orthodontic check-up from the age of 7. In some cases a check-up or treatment is carried out on children who still have their milk teeth (ages 4-7 years) - your doctor or paediatrician usually recommends this check-up.

At what age is an adult too old for an orthodontic treatment? 
You are never too old for an orthodontic treatment. Nowadays, every adult with healthy teeth and healthy gums is able to actively do something for a dazzling smile.

How long does an orthodontic treatment last? 
The duration of a treatment is just as individual as the type of misalignment and your treatment objective. On average, you can anticipate a treatment duration of two to three years - depending upon the misalignment of tooth and jaw, the type of dental brace and, naturally, the adherence to the recommended period of wear and keeping all appointments!

Is it necessary for teeth to be extracted? 
We do everything within our power to avoid the extraction of healthy teeth. Thanks to the technical progress made in treatment possibilities, teeth generally have to be extracted must less frequently than was the case in the past.

Do wisdom teeth have to be extracted? 
In the normal case, wisdom teeth do not have any impact upon an orthodontic treatment.

Which type of dental brace will I need? 
There are removable and fixed dental braces. The type to be used in your case is dependent upon many factors - you will usually receive our recommendation at the first check-up.

Do dental braces hurt? 
The brackets of a fixed dental brace are glued to the surface of the teeth. Most patients report that their teeth feel a little odd and sensitive during the initial days. If this sensation continues, we recommend an accompanying osteopathic treatment.

Will a dental brace cause me to have tooth decay? 
It is likely that you will require a little more time to clean your teeth than before, but - if you conscientiously follow our cleaning tips - the risk of tooth decay with a dental brace is as great or small as it is without one.

How much does a dental brace cost? Are subsidies available from the insurances? 
The costs generated by a dental brace are dependent upon the type and duration of the treatment necessary. In principle, subsidies are available from your health insurance - in a personal discussion, we will be happy to inform you about all of the different possibilities.