Jaw misalignment - types and consequences at a glance | Jonke.at

Prof. DDr. med. Erwin Jonke

medical specialist in orthodontics

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Jaw misalignments and their consequences

We speak about misalignments when either the teeth or the upper or lower jaw are not in the correct relationship to each other. Find out more about the most common misalignments in this overview:

Distal occlusion of lower jaw

Functional and aesthetic problems frequently occur on account of a disparity between the growth of the upper and lower jaw. During childhood this malocclusion can be remedied with the help of easy methods. For adults surgical intervention is often necessary.

Cross bite („reverse overbite")

Teeth from the lower row of teeth protrude over the upper row of teeth. Simple treatment methods are often sufficient to prevent a possible asymmetric jaw growth resulting from this.

Forward jutting lower front jaw („mesial bite")

Since this misalignment can lead to a major aesthetic problem and consequently to an enormous psychological strain it is especially important to treat a forward jutting lower jaw at an early stage. In later adolescence it is often not possible to simply apply a purely conservative therapy (only with dental brace), but rather surgical intervention must be carried out.

Open bite

This is usually caused by bad habits such as thumb sucking or the use of dummies beyond the age of three years. As a result of this a more or less noticeable gap forms between the upper and lower row of teeth, possibly combined with a dysfunction of the tongue. In addition to an orthodontic correction, an accompanying speech therapy is often necessary as well.